The Palatine Hill is the centermost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city.
The Palatine Hill is the centermost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city. It stands 40 metres above the Roman Forum, looking down upon it on one side, and upon the Circus Maximus on the other.
According to Roman mythology, the Palatine Hill was the location of the cave, known as the Lupercal, where Romulus and Remus were found by the she-wolf that kept them alive. According to this legend, the shepherd Faustulus found the infants, and with his wife Acca Larentia raised the children. When they were older, the boys killed their great-uncle, and they both decided to build a new city of their own on the banks of the River Tiber. Suddenly, they had a violent argument with each other and in the end Romulus killed his twin brother Remus . This is how "Rome" got its name - from Romulus . Another legend to occur on the Palatine Hill is Hercules' defeat of Cacus after the monster had stolen some cattle. Hercules struck Cacus with his characteristic club so hard that it formed a cleft on the southeast corner of the Palatine Hill , where later a staircase bearing the name of Cacus was constructed.
Rome has its origins on the Palatine . Indeed, recent excavations show that people have lived there since approximately 1000 BC. Overlooking the Roman Forum is the Flavian Palace which was built largely during the reign of the Flavian dynasty (69 – 96) – Vespasian, Titus and Domitian. This palace, which was extended and modified by several emperors, extends across the Palatine Hill and looks out over the Circus Maximus. The building of the greater part the palace visible from the Circus was undertaken in the reign of the emperor Septimius Severus (146 – 211).
The Palatine Museum , also known as the Antiquarium of the Palatine, is a small archeological museum located in a building that was once the Convent of the Sisters of the Visitation. The convent itself was built over the remains of what was once the Imperial Palace of Domitian. The collection housed in the museum includes archeological remains from excavations of the Palatine Hill , which is the location of many of the first Roman settlements. Indeed, materials from archaic huts, primitive Iron Age dwellings, can be seen here, though there are paintings from Imperial and Republican Rome as well.